Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) uses the body’s own natural membrane to filter wastes and fluid from your blood. This membrane lines your abdominal cavity. To perform Peritoneal Dialysis, you will need a way to get fluid into and out of your abdominal cavity. This is done using a soft plastic catheter surgically placed through the front of your stomach.
There Are Two Types of Peritoneal Dialysis:
- Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD), performed 3-4 times per day
- Continuous Cycling Peritoneal Dialysis (CCPD / APD), done automatically by the cycler while you sleep at night.
During Peritoneal Dialysis (PD), a clean bag of fluid called dialysate flows through a catheter into the abdominal cavity. The dialysate remains in the abdominal cavity for a period of time, gently pulling wastes and fluid from the blood through the peritoneal membrane. The used fluid is then allowed to drain out of the body through the peritoneal dialysis catheter. This process can be done either manually or using a machine called a cycler.
SOME BENEFITS OF PERITONEAL DIALYSIS MAY INCLUDE:
- Flexibility: PD can be done on your schedule at home, at work, or while traveling
- Confidence: Expert training and patient education ensures you feel confident performing treatments
- Comfort: No needles are required for this therapy
- Convenience: Treatments can be done overnight while you sleep (CCPD)
- Independence: Most patients do not need a care partner with this therapy
More detailed information about Peritoneal Dialysis is available in our Patient Treatment Options Guide under the Patient Education section.